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Southern Timber Market Trends
May 30, 2012
Wood Pellet Update
Sawgrass Florida


 Thomas G. Harris, Jr., Sara Baldwin, Jonathan Smith & Robert Simmons






  Southern Timber Market Trends 

Center for Forest Business
D.B. Warnell School of Forest Resources
The University of Georgia


Thomas G. Harris, Jr., Sara Baldwin, Jonathan Smith & Robert Simmons






Forestry Market Trends Issues

  • Globalization of Forest Commerce
  • Tightening Wood Supplies
  • Emerging Markets
  • Shifting Demand
  • Bio-energy
  • Illegal Logging







Forested Regions of the World




US South Fuel Wood Pellet Mills

AL1. Lee Energy Solutions
AL2. Nature's Earth Pellet
AR1. Fiber Resources
AR2. Barnes Brothers Hardwood Flooring
FL1. Green Circle Bio Energy
GA1.  Equustock LLC
GA2. Georgia Biomass
GA3. Appling County Pellets (FRAM)
GA4. Rock Wood Products
GA5. United Biomass
GA6. Big Heat Wood Pellets
LA1. Bayou Wood Pellets LLC
MS1. Enviva (CKS Energy)
MS2. Enviva Pellets (Piney Woods Pellets) 
NC1. Nature's Earth Pellet
NC2. Carolina Wood Pellets
NC3. Enviva
SC1. Carolina Pacific
TN1. Hassell & Hughes Lumber Company
TX1. Good Times Wood Products
TX2. Patterson Wood Products
TX3. Zilkha Biomass Energy
VA1. American Wood Fibers
VA2. Lignetics
VA3. Potomac Supply Corporation
VA4. Turman Hardwood Flooring
VA5. Big Heat Wood Pellets/Equustock
VA6. O'Malley Lumber
VA7. Wood Fuel Developers



US South Fuel Wood Pellet Mills 

  • 29 Operating wood fuel pellet manufacturing facilities.
  • At least one in each state 
  • Capacity is about 3.2 million tons of pellets
  • Conversion is about 2 tons of green wood per ton of pellets. 










 Top Pellet Producers

  • Top 3 mills have about half the total capacity – 1.6 million tons per year
    • Georgia Biomass, Waycross GA
    • Green Circle Bio, Cottondale FL
    • Enviva, Ahoskie NC
  • 5 Mills at 120,000 - 150,000 tpy
  • 21 Mills at 6,000 - 90,000 tpy





Proposed Wood Fuel Pellet Projects 

  • 11 new facilities proposed in last 12 months
  • 3.5 million tpy announced capacity
  • 7 million tpy increased wood demand








 Proposed Wood Fuel Pellet Projects 

  • 6 proposed for 2012 startup, largest
    • Enviva, Northampton NC - 440,000 tpy
    • Westervelt, Aliceville AL - 310,000 tpy
    • Fram, Lumber City GA - 138,000 tpy
  • 5 proposed for 2013 startup
    • German Pellets, Woodville TX - 550,000 tpy
    • Franklin Pellets, Franklin VA - 500,000 tpy
    • Enviva, Courtland VA - 500,000 tpy
    • Point Bioenergy, Baton Rouge LA - 440,000 tpy
    • Zilkha Biomass, Selma AL 440,000 tpy (former Dixie Pellets)





Operating & Proposed Pellet Mills 




 Operating & Proposed Pellet Mills 

   Proposed Pellet Mills 2012:
  • P1. Westervelt Renewable Energy
  • P2. Zilkha (Dixie Pellets LLC)
  • P3. Green Circle Bio Energy (expansion)
  • P4. Farm Renewable Fuels/Telfar FP
  • P5. Varn Wood Products
  • P6. Vega Biofuels
  • P7. Point Bio Energy
  • P8. Enviva
  • P9. German Pellets
  • P10. Biomass Energy/Enviva
  • P11. Enviva
  • P12. Franklin Pellets
  • P13. Wood Fuel Developers



US South Wood Biomass to Electric Power Facilities




US South Wood Biomass to Electric Power Facilities

  • 13 Operating wood biomass to electric power facilities
  • At least one in 8 of 11 states in the South
  • Capacity is about 480 Megawatts of power
  • Average output 37 Megawatts
  • Conversion is about 10,000 tons of green wood per Megawatt.







Proposed Wood Biomass to Electric Power Facilities

  • 17 Active projects announced in the last 12 months for 2012-2013 startup
  • 800 Megawatts of power output
  • 4 Proposed for 2012 startup
    • Southern Company, Sacul TX – 100 MW
    • Piedmont Green Power, Barnesville GA - 50 MW
    • Greenn Power Solutions, Dublin GA – 50 MW
    • WGS Energy, Twiggs Cty. GA – 35 MW




Operating & Proposed Wood Biomass to Electric Power Facilities



Operating & Proposed Wood Biomass to Electric Power Facilities

Proposed Power Plants 2012:

  • P1. Trans World Energy (Progress Energy)
  • P2. US EcoGen/Progress Energy 
  • P3. Green Power Solutions 
  • P4. North Star Renewable Power
  • P5. Piedmont Green Power (Rollcast) 
  • P6. WGS Energy
  • P7. National Clean Fuels 
  • P8. GrowGreen Power 
  • P9. Weyerhaeuser/KGRA Energy 
  • P10. East Texas Electric Coop 
  • P11. Southern Co. (Nacogdoches Power) 
  • P12. Dominion Power 
  • P13. Dominion Power 
  • P14. Dominion Power
  • P15. Dominion Power
  • P16. MeadWestvaco 
  • P17. South Boston Energy/NOVI Energy 



The South’s Pulp Mills as Potential Biomass to Power Facilities



The South’s Pulp Mills as Potential Biomass to Electric Power Facilities


AL2.  Georgia-Pacific Corp., Brewton
AL1.  Boise Cascade Corp., Jackson
AL3.  Georgia-Pacific Corp., Pennington
AL4.  Georgia-Pacific Corp. (Alabama Pine Pulp, Inc.) Perdue Hill  
AL5.  Georgia-Pacific Corp. (Alabama River Pulp, Inc.) Perdue Hill
AL6.   lnternational Paper Co., Pine HiII
AL7.   lnternational Paper Co., Pratville
AL8.   lnternational Paper Co., Selma
AL9.   lnternational Paper Co., Courtland
AL10. MeadWestVaco, Cottontone 
AL11. Resolute (AbitibiBowater), Coosa Pines
AL12. Rock-Tenn, Demopolis
AL13. Rock-Tenn, Stevenson
AR1.  Clearwater Paper Corp., McGehee
AR2.  Delta Natural Kraft, Pine Bluff
AR3.  Domtar, Inc., Ashdown
AR4.  Evergreen Packaging, Inc., Pine Bluff
AR5.  Georgia-Pacific Corp., Crossett
AR6.  Green Bay Packaging, Morrilton
FL1.   Buckeye, Florida, LP, Perry 

FL2. Georgia-Pacific Corp., Palatka
FL3. International Paper Corp., Cantonment
FL4. Rayonier, Fernandina Beach

FL5. Rock-Tenn, Fernandina Beach
FL6. Rock-Tenn, Panama City
GA1. Augusta News Print
GA2. Georgia-Pacific Corp., Brunswick
GA3. Graphic Packaging Corp., Macon
GA4. International Paper Co., Savannah
GA5. Interstate Paper, Riceboror
GA6. Packaging Corp. of America, Valdosta
GA7. Rayonier, Jesup
GA8. International Paper (Temple-Inland), Rome
GA9. Weyerhaeuser, Port Wentworth
GA10. Georiga-Pacific Corp., Cedar Springs
GA11. Weyerhaeuser, Olgethorpe
GA12. International Paper Co., Augusta
LA1. Boise Packaging, DeRidder
LA2. Georgia-Pacific Corp., Port Hudson
LA3. Graphic Packaging Corporation, West Monroe

LA4. Rock-Tenn, Hodge
LA5. KPAQ Industries, St. Francisville
LA6. International Paper (Temple Inland), Bogalusa
LA7. International Paper Co., Campti
LA8. International Paper Co., Mansfield

MS1. Georgia-Pacific Corp., Monticello
MS2. GP Cellulose (Koch Cellulose, Inc.), New Augusta
MS3. International Paper Co., Vicksburg
MS4. Resolute (AbitibiBowater), Grenada
MS5. Weyerhaeuser Co., Columbus
NC1. Domtar, Inc., Plymouth
NC2. Evergreen Packaging, Canton
NC3. International Paper Co., Riegelwood
NC4. KapStone Kraft Paper Co., Roanoke
NC5. Wyerhaeuser Co., New Bern
SC1. Domtar, Inc., Bennettsville
SC2. International Paper Co., Eastover
SC3. International Paper Co., Georgetown
SC4. Kapstone, North Charleston
SC5. Resolute (AbitibiBowater), Catawba

SC6. Rock-Tenn, Florence
SC7. Sonoco Products Co., Hartsville
TN1. Bowater, Inc., Calhoun

TN2. Domtar, Inc., Kingsport
TN3. Packaging Corp. of America, Counce
TN4. International Paper (Temple-Inland), New Johnson
TX1. International Paper, Domino
TX2. MeadWestvaco, Silsbee
TX3. International Paper (Temple-Inland), Orange
TX4. International Paper (Temple-Inland), Diboli
VA1. Bear Island, Ashland
VA2. Georgia-Pacific Corp., Jarrett
VA3. Georiga-Pacific Corp., Big Island
VA4. Greif Corp., Riverville
VA5. International Paper, Franklin
VA6. MeadWestvaco, Covington
VA7. Rock-Tenn, West Point
VA8. Rock-Tenn, Hopewell





Wood Fuel Pellet & Pine Pulpwood Prices



South-wide Pulpwood Delivered Price & Pine Fuel Wood

4th Quarter 1976 – 1st Quarter 2012

Source: Timber Mart-South



South-wide Pulpwood Delivered Price Convergence

4th Quarter 1976 – 1st Quarter 2012

Source: Timber Mart-South



South-wide Pulpwood Stumpage Price Convergence

4th Quarter 1976 – 1st Quarter 2012



Source: Timber Mart-South




Proposed Biomass to Liquid Fuel Facilities



Proposed Biomass to Liquid Fuel Facilities

Proposed Biofuels Mills 2012

  •  P1. Coskata
  •  P2. Buckeye Florida
  •  P3. Sundrop Fuels
  •  P4. Bluefire Ethanol
  •  P5. KiOR
  •  P6. KiOR
  •  P7. Virdia (HCL Clean Tech)
  •  P8. Virdia (HCL Clean Tech)
  •  P9. Virdia (HCL Clean Tech)
  •  P10. Virdia (HCL Clean Tech)
  •  P11. Piedmont BioProducts



Southern Pine Planting

by ownership type

11 southeastern states plus OK & KY
*Est. some states 2005-2008

Source: Georgia Forestry Commission & Smurfit-Stones Container



Wood Pellet Market Future

  • ?????
  • Negatives
    • Policy Driven
    • Weak economics
  • Positives
    • Renewable
    • "Green"
    • Wood is Good



Southern Timber Trends Pellet Market Update

Final Questions


Southern Timber Trends Sources

  • FRA 2000
  • SFRA
  • Wood Markets 2002
  • North American Pulp and Paper Factbook
  • Pulp and Paper International
  • USDA Forest Service
  • Wood Resources International

Southern Timber Trends Sources (cont.)

  • Forest Resources Association
  • APA Engineered Wood Association
  • Random Lengths
  • US Department of Commerce
  • US Census Bureau
  • US Federal Reserve
  • AF & PA
  • SFPA


2013 Volume 72:

May/ June 2013

March/April 2013
Jan/Feb 2013
2012 Volume 71:

Nov/Dec 2012

Sept/Oct 2012

July/Aug 2012
May/June 2012
March/Apr 2012
2012 Volume 70:
Jan/Feb 2012






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